Cyber security is today needed to protect crucial data, files and information crucial to an organisation from unauthorized access or even attack that aims to destroy a firm. Security gap is what the company planned for and what the situation is currently, this deviation from planned path can be harmful for company. Company/business must have proactive planning to bridge up this gap well in time before any harm is done.
Popular area that are dealt in cyber security are—
- Application security—It includes control measures that are taken in the development stage to give a protection to developed application from any kind of threats due to any flaws in it.
- Information security— Main aim of this is to give protection to important information that includes privacy problems and off course cyber attacks.
- Disaster recovery planning— This is a process in which company assess the possible risks to their cyber security then proactive disaster recovery planning must be done as to in case of emergency what steps will be taken to recover the data.
- Network security—In this main activities included are making network more reliable,safe,secure and protected from various attacks.
Many times despite all planning there are hackers attacks to create disaster for company by accessing their data, files, information and networks. Company has to be well aware of these security gaps in advance otherwise company can face a huge loss in terms of trust and business as well. There can be many types of cyber security gaps but these are all preventable in case company has a good security policy.
Let’s have a quick look into some of the security gaps—
- Risk management gap— This gap occurs when company do not has a risk management group that must have a chief compliance officer or an expert technology officer .if management of company do not have any such official management team for creating and managing security then effect of any attack can be too much to handle. Company management must have expert team to handle the all issues of cyber security.
- IT asset management gap— It occurs when an organisation do maintain a proper inventory of its technology assets like phones, tablets, laptop, servers, workstations etc.when a company fails to list all its crucial technology devices then the level of risk they can face cannot be calculated. So as a company grows it must have a proper inventory of all technology devices so that proactive planning to cover the gap can be taken.
- Vulnerability assessment gap—This gap states company many time do not have any proper understanding of the weakness in their IT security.They do not conduct regular vulnerability and penetration tests to identify the risk that can harm the company data and information company must do VA and penetration checks to identify which data bases are sensitive so that top most security can be given to them.
- Lack of user awareness about social engineering attacks— Most time company people are not aware about the social engineering breaches so they have no knowledge to take proper measures. Proper training of employees about these scams can alert them on time so that expert advice can be taken to keep data and file secure.
- Not using multi factor authentication system—This security gap arises when many companies do not use multi factor authentication system so smart hackers continue attacking security systems. It is always best to use layers of authentication system as it is easy, effective, more secure and convenient.
- Risk of employing third party vendor—Most companies while hiring a third party vendor do make queries as to if they can manage your company’s risk with success.That means third party vendor must have expertise and experience to tackle the security issues and to remove them easily,without posing any risk to data of company.
- Having an accurate response planning— Much time this security gap arises because company does not has proper response planning to the type of attack they can face. So absence of any type of accurate planning in times of emergency can create havoc particularly if company has not planned the response planning.
All these and many security gaps exists but company or organisation must have their risks assessed so that proactive planning can be done much before any bad incident of security breach arises.